Two of the most common types of knee surgery are arthroscopic and outpatient. The main difference between the two is that an arthroscopic procedure is considered more invasive than an outpatient one. It involves making a small incision in the knee’s arches to make access to the cartilage under the joint and then pulling the skin and cartilage taut. This is done to get to the innermost layer of the cartilage and get at the joint, which is why it is called “subscopic.” Once this is done, the knee surgeon Adelaide will cut through the bone to get to the tendon and finally cut off the excess skin to give you a clean shot of bone.
Another common type of knee surgery is total knee replacement. A total knee replacement will involve the replacement of the entire joint. Sometimes both parts of the knee are replaced, but in most cases, only one is replaced. Sometimes a person may need to wear a brace for several months to a year before the full recovery is felt.
During a total knee replacement surgery, the knee surgeon Adelaide will place the upper part of the thigh on top of the shin bone. Because of the knee’s anatomy, the thighbone will often have to be put into position at an angle to keep the bone in place and prevent it from shifting as the knee is arthritis increases and the cartilage deteriorates. If there is a loss of motion in the knee, the knee surgeon Adelaide can replace the bone or cartilage using metal titanium screws to hold it in place during the healing process.
The third most common form of surgery involves removing a bone or tissue piece from the front of the shin bone. This is referred to as a meniscus tear. Menisci tear down the exterior of the knee and are attached to the front of the knee joint. A meniscus tear is one of the main reasons it is important to have total knee replacement surgery as a reconstructive procedure after a knee injury. Sometimes meniscus surgery can be repaired, but it may never fully heal and be replaced completely.
A small incision is made on the front of the knee, just above the knee arthroscopy. The surgeon will make small incisions inside and outside the knee joint to insert a miniature camera through the small incisions. This enables the surgeon to study the cartilage and bone structure of the knee while performing the surgery. When this type of surgery is performed, small incisions are usually not very noticeable; thus, few patients feel pain. When this surgery is performed, the surgeon uses a tiny stainless steel scalpel to cut small pieces of cartilage tissue and bone from the knee joint’s backside. They will use the pieces to rebuild the ligaments and tendons and reattach the bone to the supporting femur.
AHKC arthroscopic knee surgery is another less invasive option. In an arthroscopic procedure, a thin piece of tissue is cut from the joint’s back and moved inside the joint. A new piece of cartilage is then planted inside the joint to replace the lost or damaged cartilage. The incisions are not as small as for meniscus surgery, and there will be more than a few incisions inside the joint. When this type of surgery is performed, there will also be more than a few small incisions to repair the cartilage structure, bone and ligaments.